The word technology comes from two Greek words, transliterated techne and logos. Unlike the case of science, the place the sensible penalties of entertaining a particular idea are not considered, the context of discovery in technology is ruled by severe constraints of money and time, and an evaluation of the issue how best to proceed actually appears so as.
A lot of the authors who wrote critically about know-how and its socio-cultural role during the twentieth century were philosophers of a common outlook (Martin Heidegger, Hans Jonas, Arnold Gehlen, Günther Anders, Andrew Feenberg) or had a background in one of many other humanities or in social science, like literary criticism and social research (Lewis Mumford), regulation (Jacques Ellul), political science (Langdon Winner) or literary studies (Albert Borgmann).
More just lately, modern works of science fiction comparable to these by Philip Ok. Dick and William Gibson and movies comparable to Blade Runner and Ghost in the Shell mission highly ambivalent or cautionary attitudes toward technology’s impression on human society and identification.
This twofold presentation takes into consideration the development of know-how as the outcome of a course of originating within and guided by the follow of engineering, by standards on which solely limited societal management is exercised, as well as the implications for society of the implementation of the know-how so created, which end result from processes upon which solely restricted control may be exercised.
The notion of ‘figuring out how’ was taken up by Michael Polanyi beneath the identify of tacit knowledge and made a central characteristic of technology (Polanyi 1958); the current state of the philosophical dialogue is offered in this encyclopedia’s entry on data how Nevertheless, emphasizing an excessive amount of the function of unarticulated information, of ‘guidelines of thumb’ as they’re typically known as, easily underplays the significance of rational methods in know-how.